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Hip Dysplasia X-Rays Anthony NM

A small, flattened area of the femoral head represents the fovea capitis, which is where the round ligament attaches. This is a normal finding.

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Hip Dysplasia: Classic Changes on X-rays

When evaluating dysplastic hip films, radiographic changes may include:

  • Hip subluxation, i.e. less than 66 percent coverage of the femoral head by the acetabulum.
    .

  • Click to Enlarge

    A 7-month-old male Labrador suffering from severe hip dysplasia.


    Click to Enlarge

    A 6-year-old female Rottweiler suffering from severe hip dysplasia.

    The margins of the acetabulum and femoral head are not parallel. They form a triangle or a wedge.
    .
  • Increased width of the joint space.
    .
  • Thickening of the femoral neck.
    .
  • Flattening or deformity of the femoral head.
    .
  • Flattening of the acetabulum.
    .
  • Irregular acetabulum rim.
    .
  • Osteophytes on the acetabulum, femoral head and neck.
    .
  • Sclerosis of the subchondral bone.
  • A description of a normal hip would include:

    • Two-thirds of the femoral head are covered by the acetabulum.
      .
    • The margins of the acetabulum and femoral head are parallel.
      .
    • A small, flattened area of the femoral head represents the fovea capitis, which is where the round ligament attaches. This is a normal finding.

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