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Tibial Compression Test Enfield CT

The reason for this displacement is that hock flexion causes tension of the gastrocnemius muscle, which in turn displaces the tibia cranially. This is called tibial compression or cranial tibial thrust.

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39 Patria Road
South Windsor, CT
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VCA Animal Hospital of Vernon
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Vernon, CT
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Westover Animal Clinic
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VCA Boston Road Animal Hospital
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South Windsor Veterinary Clinic
(860) 281-1961
69 Oakland Road
South Windsor, CT
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VCA Southwick Animal Hospital
(413) 569-8966
498 College Hwy
Southwick, MA
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VCA Montgomery Road Animal Hospital
(413) 642-1918
207 Montgomery Rd
Westfield, MA
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Thursday 7:30 AM - 8:00 PM
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How to Perform the Tibial Compression Test

This very useful test can be performed with the patient standing or in lateral recumbency (affected leg up), awake or sedated.

The stifle is held in slight flexion. The index finger of one hand is placed over the tibial crest. The other hand flexes & extends the hock.

The beauty of the tibial compression test is that it mimics the loading that causes cranial tibial thrust when the dog walks.

If the ACL is torn, the tibial tuberosity will move cranially, ever so slightly, as the hock is in the flexed position.

The reason for this displacement is that hock flexion causes tension of the gastrocnemius muscle, which in turn displaces the tibia cranially. This is called tibial compression or cranial tibial thrust.

The beauty of the tibial compression test is that it mimics the loading that causes cranial tibial thrust when the dog walks.

This is very different than the cranial drawer sign, which is a motion that doesn’t exist in real life. Think of it this way: The cranial drawer sign is “iatrogenic” whereas the cranial tibial thrust is generated by the patient when walking (or running).

Phil Zeltzman, DVM, Dipl. ACVS, is a small-animal board-certified surgeon at Valley Central Veterinary Referral Center in Whitehall, Pa. His website is DrPhilZeltzman.com .

Copyright 2009 BowTie Inc.

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