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Cancer Treatments for Pets Pikeville KY

Every tumor, every situation, every patient is different. That's why universal guidelines for the management of cancer patients are difficult to define. But let’s try to define five general rules anyway.

Animal Clinic
(606) 432-0177
2409 Town Mountain Rd
Pikeville, KY

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Martin Animal Hospital
(606) 285-9575
2 High St
Martin, KY

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Ousley Veterinary Clinic
(606) 886-3584
3736 Ky Route 114
Prestonsburg, KY

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Pewee Valley Veterinary Center
(502) 694-4508
220 Mt Mercy Drive
Pewee Valley, KY
Hours
Monday 7:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Tuesday 7:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Wednesday 7:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Thursday 7:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Friday 7:00 AM - 5:00 PM
Saturday 8:00 AM - 12:00 PM
Sunday Closed
Services
Animal Boarding, Animal Flea Control, Animal Grooming, Animal Microchipping, Declawing, Emergency Veterinary Clinic, Small Animal Vet, Spaying/Neutering, Veterinarians, Veterinary Dentistry, Veterinary Docking, Veterinary Medical Specialties, Veterinary Surgery, Veterinary Vaccinations

Erlanger Veterinary Hospital
(859) 308-3349
3414 Dixie Highway
Erlanger, KY
Hours
Monday 8:00 AM - 6:30 PM
Tuesday 8:00 AM - 6:30 PM
Wednesday 8:00 AM - 6:30 PM
Thursday 8:00 AM - 6:30 PM
Friday 8:00 AM - 6:30 PM
Saturday 8:00 AM - 1:00 PM
Sunday Closed
Services
Animal Boarding, Animal Daycare, Animal Flea Control, Animal Grooming, Animal Microchipping, Declawing, Small Animal Vet, Spaying/Neutering, Veterinarians, Veterinary Dentistry, Veterinary Euthanasia, Veterinary Medical Specialties, Veterinary Surgery, Veterinary Vaccinations

Preston, Charles P, Dvm - East Kentucky Animal Clinic
(606) 437-4014
508 Us Highway 119 N
Pikeville, KY

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Beaver Creek Animal Clinic DVM
(606) 358-9913
1768 Ky Route 7
Wayland, KY

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Union Pet Clinic
(859) 334-0989
9842 Old Union Road
Union, KY
Promotion
Mention this ad for a free nail trim with annual vaccines.
Hours
Monday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
Tuesday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
Wednesday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
Thursday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
Friday 8:30 AM - 5:30 PM
Saturday 8:30 AM - 1:00 PM
Sunday Closed
Services
Animal Flea Control, Animal Microchipping, Declawing, Small Animal Vet, Spaying/Neutering, Veterinarians, Veterinary Dentistry, Veterinary Euthanasia, Veterinary House Calls, Veterinary Surgery, Veterinary Vaccinations

Hurstbourne Animal Hospital & Bed-N-Biskit Pet Lodge
(502) 694-3528
4601 Wattbourne Lane
Louisville, KY
Hours
Monday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Tuesday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Wednesday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Thursday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Friday 8:00 AM - 8:00 PM
Saturday 8:00 AM - 4:00 PM
Sunday 10:00 AM - 12:00 PM
Services
Animal Boarding, Animal Daycare, Animal Grooming, Animal Microchipping, Emergency Veterinary Clinic, Small Animal Vet, Spaying/Neutering, Veterinarians, Veterinary Dentistry, Veterinary Euthanasia, Veterinary Medical Specialties, Veterinary Surgery, Veterinary Vaccinations

Countryside Animal Hospital
(502) 225-3928
2410 N Highway 53
La Grange, KY
Hours
Monday 7:30 AM - 6:00 PM
Tuesday 7:30 AM - 6:00 PM
Wednesday 7:30 AM - 6:00 PM
Thursday 7:30 AM - 1:00 PM
Friday 7:30 AM - 6:00 PM
Saturday 7:30 AM - 1:00 PM
Sunday Closed
Services
Animal Boarding, Animal Flea Control, Animal Grooming, Animal Microchipping, Declawing, Holistic Veterinary Medicine, Small Animal Vet, Spaying/Neutering, Veterinarians, Veterinary Dentistry, Veterinary Euthanasia, Veterinary Medical Specialties, Veterinary Surgery, Veterinary Vaccinations

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Manage Cancer Patients in 5 Steps

Universal guidelines for the management of cancer patients are difficult to define. Clearly, every tumor, every situation, every patient is different. But let’s try to define five general rules anyway.

Step 1

A nerve sheath tumor in a 10-year-old Sheltie.

The first challenge is to suspect or recognize cancer. It may seem straightforward with a skin mass, but it can be much more challenging in the intestine or the bladder. Confirming the suspicion is the next step, and it usually involves a fine needle aspirate (FNA) or a biopsy.

Let’s simplify and only consider skin masses. There are two main FNA techniques: aspiration and trephination.

The traditional aspiration technique requires a needle and a syringe. The needle is introduced into the tumor in various directions, while negative pressure is applied to the syringe. “The microtrauma created may cause bleeding, which will lead to hemodilution of the sample,”

xplains Ken Mero, DVM, Ph.D., a pathologist at Histology of Stone Ridge in Stone Ridge, N.Y.

Another method is the trephination technique, which doesn’t involve negative pressure and reduces the risk of hemodilution. Tiny cores of the mass are harvested without using negative pressure, which may allow a higher cellular yield by avoiding hemodilution.

Incisional biopsy techniques include Tru-Cut, wedge or punch biopsy. Excisional biopsy is a fancy synonym for “trying to remove a tumor entirely,” i.e. with clean margins.

The results of an FNA and a biopsy have two important differences. An FNA sometimes will provide an actual diagnosis (e.g. mast cell tumor) and often will include several rule-outs. A good biopsy will typically provide a definite diagnosis and the grade of the tumor, when applicable. In addition, the pathologist can study the architecture of the sample and visualize cells in their original microstructure. Last but not least, an excisional biopsy helps with assessing the surgical margins—“clean” or “dirty.”

“Grading is a complex and subjective endeavor. Grading a tumor involves describing how differentiated or aggressive it is. The pathologist will describe a tumor as being low, moderate or high grade. Another description is a poorly, moderately or highly differentiated tumor,” Dr. Mero explains.

A mast cell tumor is somewhat easier to grade—1, 2 or 3, with 3 being the most aggressive.

For a variety of medical or financial reasons, an FNA or an incisional biopsy may not be performed.

Step 2

A mammary spindle cell sarcoma in an 11-year-old Maltese.
The second step is staging a tumor, which helps specify whether it has metastasized. The tests involved can include:

  • Simple palpation, such as of the peripheral lymph nodes.
  • Radiographs—thoracic or abdominal.
  • Ultrasound—thoracic or abdominal.
  • CAT scanner, most often of the thorax.MRI, possibly adequate for the abdomen but usually not for the thorax because of the constant motion of the heart and lungs...

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