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Animal Osteosarcoma Treatment Bullhead City AZ

Muffin, an 8-year-old female Rottie, presents with a two-week history of right front leg lameness. The physical exam is within normal limits except for a firm mass on the distal forearm, which is painful on palpation. You suspect a tumor.

101 Spay-Neuter & Dental Clinic
(480) 648-1913
1625 N 87th St
Scottsdale, AZ
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Norterra Animal Hospital, PLC
(602) 759-7230
2005 West Happy Valley Rd
Phoenix, AZ
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Apollo Animal Hospital
(623) 224-2229
10707 N 51st Ave.
Glendale, AZ
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Ahwatukee Commons Veterinary Hospital
(480) 779-3358
4902 E Warner Rd
Phoenix, AZ
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VCA Phoenix West Animal Hospital
(623) 432-8992
6530 West Indian School Road
Phoenix, AZ
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Monday 8:00 AM - 7:00 PM
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Red Mountain Animal Hospital
(480) 448-0005
6025 E. McKellips Rd
Mesa, AZ
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Aztec Animal Hospital of Scottsdale
(480) 331-6919
8140 E McDowell Rd
Scottsdale, AZ
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Dove Valley Animal Hospital, Plc
(480) 779-1965
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Cave Creek, AZ
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VCA Elliot Park Animal Hospital
(480) 428-8891
1700 East Elliot Road, Suite 19
Tempe, AZ
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Monday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
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Wednesday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Thursday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Friday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
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Chandler Small Animal Clinic
(480) 648-5957
1286 W Chandler Blvd
Chandler, AZ
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Monday 7:00 AM - 6:30 PM
Tuesday 7:00 AM - 6:30 PM
Wednesday 7:00 AM - 6:30 PM
Thursday 7:00 AM - 6:30 PM
Friday 7:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Saturday 8:00 AM - 3:00 PM
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Animal Boarding, Animal Daycare, Animal Flea Control, Animal Grooming, Animal Microchipping, Bird Vet, Declawing, Exotic Animal Vet, Holistic Veterinary Medicine, Small Animal Vet, Spaying/Neutering, Veterinarians, Veterinary Dentistry, Veterinary Docking, Veterinary Euthanasia, Veterinary Medical Specialties, Veterinary Surgery, Veterinary Vaccinations

Managing Animals with Osteosarcoma

Muffin, an 8-year-old female Rottie, presents with a two-week history of right front leg lameness. The physical exam is within normal limits except for a firm mass on the distal forearm, which is painful on palpation. You suspect a tumor.

How would you approach this case? What are your rule-outs?

A: A suspicious lesion in the right radius of Muffin, an 8-year-old female Rottie. Photo by Dr. Phil Zeltzman
Radiographs of the distal radius and ulna are the next logical step. They reveal a lytic and proliferative lesion with soft-tissue swelling (see photo A). Malignant long bone tumors include osteosarcoma (about 85 percent of the time), chondrosarcoma (5 percent), fibrosarcoma (5 percent) and hemangiosarcoma (5 percent). There is a small chance of a metastatic lesion. If this were a benign lesion, it could be an osteoma, chondroma or bone cyst. It also could be osteomyelitis from a bacterial or fungal infection.

Euthanasia offered as a sole treatment option is not ethically acceptable and medically recommended in 2010. Primary bone cancer is a treatable condition that requires a thorough work-up before irreversible decisions are made.

A standard work-up should include:

  • CBC and chemistry. An increased alkaline phosphatase may be correlated with a poorer prognosis in cases of osteosarcoma. (See JAVMA, 1998, Vol. 213.)
  • Three views of the thorax, to detect visible metastasis (macro-metastasis).
  • A bone biopsy.
  • Fungal and bacterial cultures of the bone.

The timing of bone biopsy is debatable. If the clinician is convinced that the lesion is consistent with osteosarcoma, or if the client has financial constraints, an open discussion should take place about the pros and cons of performing an amputation without the benefit of a prior biopsy.

If amputation is elected, then a biopsy and cultures should be harvested afterward to confirm the suspicion. This is a huge leap of faith for the client, so it is important to document what was discussed and what the client chose.

How It’s Done

Should a biopsy be preferred first, then the surgery site is shaved, scrubbed and draped. A stab incision is performed in the skin. A hemostat or periosteal elevator is used to approach the bone. Several cores of bone are sampled with a Jamshidi needle (see photo B) or a Michelle trephine.

It is prudent to use the smallest needle possible to decrease the chances of a pathological fracture of the bone. This is why most surgeons prefer Jamshidi needles. They are available from a variety of manufacturers. A 4-inch, 8 to 11 G needle is often used.

The needle and its sharp stylet are placed on the bone and a small indentation is made. The stylet is removed, and cores of bone are harvested using a rotational motion in various directions. The first cortex and the entire medullary cavity are biopsied.

Maintain Bone’s Strength

B: Bone biopsy with a Jamshidi needle in a 4-year-old Labrador with osteo...

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