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Anal Sac Cancer Treatment Huntington WV

It is important to keep an open mind. Differential diagnosis for perianal disease includes anal sac impaction, abscess (which may rupture), sacculitis, perianal adenomas, perineal hernias, perineal fistulas and other malignancies, such as perianal malignant melanoma. Any of these conditions affect the quality of life of the patient.

Equine Medical Ctr
(740) 867-0066
764 County Road 31
Chesapeake, OH

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Proctorville Animal Clinic
(740) 886-9424
6129 County Road 107
Proctorville, OH

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Barboursville Veterinary
(304) 736-8939
6310 Farmdale Rd
Barboursville, WV

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Olson Animal Hospital
(304) 736-1677
5980 Us Route 60 E
Barboursville, WV

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Martin Veterinary Clinic
(606) 324-8036
1426 Grandview Dr
Ashland, KY

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Tri-State Veterinary Hospital
(304) 525-8387
6474 Merritts Crk Rd
Huntington, WV
 
Ayers Animal Hospital
(304) 529-6049
1514 Norway Ave
Huntington, WV

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Tambling, Fred R, Dvm - Barboursville Veterinary
(304) 736-8939
6310 Farmdale Rd
Barboursville, WV

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Help For Animals Inc
(304) 736-8555
1 Humane Way
Barboursville, WV

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Dyer, Mike, Dvm - Ashland Animal Clinic
(606) 324-2984
3101 13th St
Ashland, KY

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Step-by-Step Surgery for Anal Sac Cancer

Anal sac cancer causes local problems, mainly because of pain and straining to defecate. Anal sac apocrine gland adenocarcinoma also leads to systemic issues, including hypercalcemia and metastasis. Affected patients are older female dogs in 90 percent of the cases. A few cases have been described in cats.

It is important to keep an open mind. Differential diagnosis for perianal disease includes anal sac impaction, abscess (which may rupture), sacculitis, perianal adenomas, perineal hernias, perineal fistulas and other malignancies, such as perianal malignant melanoma. Any of these conditions affect the quality of life of the patient.

anal sac adenocarcinoma
A preoperative view of a left anal sac adenocarcinoma in a 9-year-old male Akita mix. Photo courtesy of Dr. Phil Zeltzman.
An anal sac tumor is suspected on rectal exam. If it is large enough, subcutaneous swelling may be visible. Occasionally, the tumor is bilateral. A diagnosis can sometimes be reached with cytology if enough cells exfoliate. Histopathology gives a definitive diagnosis. Incisional biopsies are rarely used, whereas excisional biopsy is typically the preferred course of action.

Standard preoperative workup includes a CBC and blood chemistry, including a calcium level. Approximately 25 percent of patients are affected by paraneoplastic hypercalcemia (See our bonus content on differential diagnosis of hypercalcemia). Abdominal radiographs or ultrasound are helpful to diagnose metastasis to the sublum...

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