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Anal Sac Cancer Treatment Salem VA

It is important to keep an open mind. Differential diagnosis for perianal disease includes anal sac impaction, abscess (which may rupture), sacculitis, perianal adenomas, perineal hernias, perineal fistulas and other malignancies, such as perianal malignant melanoma. Any of these conditions affect the quality of life of the patient.

Hanging Rock Animal Hospital
(540) 632-1904
1910 Loch Haven Dr
Roanoke, VA
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Monday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Tuesday 7:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Wednesday 7:00 AM - 6:00 PM
Thursday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
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Saturday 8:00 AM - 6:00 PM
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Animal Flea Control, Animal Microchipping, Declawing, Holistic Veterinary Medicine, Small Animal Vet, Spaying/Neutering, Veterinarians, Veterinary Dentistry, Veterinary Docking, Veterinary Euthanasia, Veterinary Medical Specialties, Veterinary Surgery

Pet Health Clinic
(540) 632-1960
840 Roanoke Rd
Daleville, VA
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Monday 7:30 AM - 7:00 PM
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Companion Pet Care Clinic
(540) 375-0350
29 Wildwood RD
Salem, VA
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Full service veterinary clinic
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M-F 8-6, Sat 8-12

Henson, Erika, Dvm - Brambleton Veterinary Hospital
(540) 774-5236
3528 Brambleton Ave
Roanoke, VA

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Ringenbach, Kara, Dvm - Banfield The Pet Hospital
(540) 283-9716
4749 Valley View Blvd Nw
Roanoke, VA

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Vinton Veterinary Hospital
(540) 632-1938
1309 E. Washington Avenue
Vinton, VA
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Sandra Diaz, DVM, MS, Dipl. ACVD
(540) 231-4621
Duck Pond Drive (0442)
Blacksburg, VA
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Cave Spring Veterinary Clinic
(540) 989-8582
4538 Old Cave Spring Rd
Roanoke, VA

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Big Lick Veterinary Svc
(540) 776-0700
7777 Bent Mountain Rd
Roanoke, VA

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Hodges, Lucinda R, Dvm - Harris Animal Hospital
(540) 362-3753
6805 Peters Creek Rd
Roanoke, VA

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Step-by-Step Surgery for Anal Sac Cancer

Anal sac cancer causes local problems, mainly because of pain and straining to defecate. Anal sac apocrine gland adenocarcinoma also leads to systemic issues, including hypercalcemia and metastasis. Affected patients are older female dogs in 90 percent of the cases. A few cases have been described in cats.

It is important to keep an open mind. Differential diagnosis for perianal disease includes anal sac impaction, abscess (which may rupture), sacculitis, perianal adenomas, perineal hernias, perineal fistulas and other malignancies, such as perianal malignant melanoma. Any of these conditions affect the quality of life of the patient.

anal sac adenocarcinoma
A preoperative view of a left anal sac adenocarcinoma in a 9-year-old male Akita mix. Photo courtesy of Dr. Phil Zeltzman.
An anal sac tumor is suspected on rectal exam. If it is large enough, subcutaneous swelling may be visible. Occasionally, the tumor is bilateral. A diagnosis can sometimes be reached with cytology if enough cells exfoliate. Histopathology gives a definitive diagnosis. Incisional biopsies are rarely used, whereas excisional biopsy is typically the preferred course of action.

Standard preoperative workup includes a CBC and blood chemistry, including a calcium level. Approximately 25 percent of patients are affected by paraneoplastic hypercalcemia (See our bonus content on differential diagnosis of hypercalcemia). Abdominal radiographs or ultrasound are helpful to diagnose metastasis to the sublum...

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